Spina bifida is a birth defect condition that occurs due to disruption of the formation of the neural tube during the baby's womb. This causes a gap in the vertebrae to appear. Causes of spina bifida neural tube that does not develop or does not close completely during pregnancy. Several factors are considered to increase the risk of a mother giving birth to a baby with spina bifida: folic acid deficiency; Have a family history of spina bifida; Have a history of taking anti-seizure drugs; Have a history of taking anti-seizure drugs; Experiencing hyperthermia in the early weeks of pregnancy. This disease is divided into spina bifida occulta, meningocele , and myelomeningocele. Spina bifida occulta is when you see a tuft of hair on the back of a newborn, or there is a small indentation (dimple) on the lower back of the newborn, whereas meningocele and myelomeningocele are marked by a pouch sticking out on the baby's back.