Know these 2 Types of Vertigo!

Have EMC friends ever experienced Vertigo? Vertigo is a condition that makes a person experience the sensation of spinning, floating, or swaying as if they were on a ship.

There are two types of vertigo: vestibular vertigo and non-vestibular vertigo. What's the difference?

Vestibular Vertigo

Vestibular vertigo tends to be like spinning with a heavy attack intensity but quickly disappears, so it disappears, appears, disappears. In sufferers of this type of vertigo it is often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Not only that, it can also be accompanied by hearing loss.

When it appears, sufferers can feel a ringing, whining or nguuuk nguuk sound. Sometimes you can be confused for a moment.

Attacks of this type of vestibular vertigo tend to be severe but short, lasting a few seconds to minutes.

The cause is related to a disturbance in the balance center. For example, making sudden head movements, waking up from a lying position then immediately sitting or standing, there are also patients whose cell phones fall and then immediately bend down to pick up the cell phone and then a vertigo attack occurs.

Non Vestibular Vertigo

In non-vestibular vertigo, the patient feels like he is on a ship that is rocking or floating.

The intensity of non-vestibular vertigo is not as severe as vestibular but continues continuously. In this type of vertigo, attacks occur when you see a moving visual object, for example when you are riding in a vehicle and then you see a tree outside moving, then you feel unsteady and feel nauseous.

Cases of non-vestibular vertigo occur because there are deeper disorders such as disorders in the brain stem, brain tumors, other infections such as meningitis or other aspects.

Vertigo Treatment

Vertigo causes discomfort in the sufferer. So if you feel the symptoms above, it is important to immediately go to the doctor to get a definite diagnosis.

The following is therapy for treating vertigo

  1. Symptomatic therapy, through pharmacotherapy (drugs) aims to reduce the symptoms of vertigo
  2. Causative therapy
  3. Rehabilitative therapy

So it's not just medication, there must be three steps to treat vertigo.

What to do when vertigo comes?

Vertigo attacks can occur anywhere and at any time. Therefore, it is important to know the steps you can take when vertigo attacks.

  1. Don't make sudden movements.

Don't sit up straight away when lying down. It's best to slowly sit up from sleep. Then just stand up, stay still for a moment, then walk.

  1. Make sure it is in a safe place.

If you are in an unsafe place, near stairs for example, when the discomfort caused by vertigo comes, it can cause the patient to fall. As a result, this actually causes other additional diseases.

Article written by Liputan6 with resource person Dr. Nezzar Erraldin, Sp.N (Neurology Specialist at EMC Cibitung Hospital).