Gynecological examination is a procedure in the medical world that aims to examine disorders or diseases of the female reproductive organs. These organs include the vagina, cervix, uterus, and ovaries with complaints that vary from vaginal discharge, disturbances to the menstrual cycle, to impaired fertility. In addition, gynecological examinations can also be carried out to prevent the risk of uterine cancer and cervical cancer.
Types of gynecological examination
There are several variations of gynecological examinations depending on the health condition and age of the patient. However, there are several types of examinations that are commonly performed in gynecological examinations, including:
- Pelvic examination
The organs in the pelvic area which include the vagina, cervix, uterus and ovaries will be examined using a special instrument such as a speculum. The main purpose of this examination is to check whether there is inflammation, infection, lumps or other signs of disease in the patient's reproductive organs.
- Pap smear examination
This examination is carried out by taking a sample of cells from the cervix as the first step. The purpose of taking this sample is to evaluate early signs of cervical cancer and cell changes that can develop into cancer. Pap smear error rate 50%. Thinprep (liquid base cytology) is the same as a pap smear with even better accuracy.
- Ultrasound examination with USG-TV (Transvaginal)
Abdominal ultrasound is inaccurate because it is obstructed by abdominal fat and intestines.
- Hysteroscopy Examination
Hysteroscopy examination is an examination using a tool called a hysteroscope in the form of a thin tube with a camera at the end. The tool is then inserted into the uterus through the vagina with the aim of lifting it and seeing the condition of the uterus inside and detecting certain conditions such as myoma, blockage of the fallopian tubes, to abnormal growths such as endometrial cancer.
- Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Test
STI tests are carried out to detect the presence of sexually transmitted infections that can affect the patient's reproductive health.
- Reproductive health consultation
In gynecological examination procedures, doctors can also play a role in providing advice and recommendations regarding the patient's reproductive health such as administering contraception, monitoring the menstrual cycle, pregnancy care, to menopause care.
Benefits of gynecological examination
Although it is not mandatory, gynecological examinations are recommended to be carried out routinely and regularly at least once a year to maintain health in the female reproductive area. Not only that, gynecological examinations can also help detect health problems in the female reproductive organs such as infections, cancer, and fertility problems. Thus, the problem will be easier to deal with before the condition develops to become more severe.
Several types of gynecological examinations such as pap smears and mammograms are recommended to be carried out routinely within a certain age range. Pap smears are recommended to be done at least once in 1-3 years from the age of 21 years, while mammograms are done once every 1-2 years after the age of 50 years.
That is the type of the importance of gynecological examinations in women. If you want to do a gynecological examination, immediately consult a trusted doctor at the nearest hospital.
Article written by dr. Caroline Tirtajasa, Sp.OG (K) (Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist, Fertility & Reproductive Hormone Consultant, Laparoscopic Surgeon at EMC Pulomas Hospital).