Can PCOS Be Cured? The following is the explanation

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal health condition that affects women of childbearing age. PCOS can cause a variety of symptoms, including hormonal imbalances, irregular menstrual cycles, and other health problems. A common question that is often asked is whether PCOS can be cured? This article will discuss the facts surrounding PCOS and detail the various treatment approaches that exist.

Getting to know PCOS

PCOS is a condition in which the ovaries produce higher than normal amounts of male hormones (androgens). This can cause problems such as hormonal imbalances, abnormal follicular growth, and ovulation disorders. PCOS symptoms include hormonal imbalances, menstrual disorders , excessive hair growth, and fertility problems. There are several causes of PCOS that need to be considered, such as:

  • Genetic factors
    PCOS is a disease that can run in families, so someone who has a mother or sister who suffers from this syndrome also has the possibility of experiencing it too. If there is a family history of PCOS, a person's risk of developing this condition may increase.
  • Resistance to insulin
    The hormone responsible for regulating carbohydrates that enter the body to be used as energy is known as insulin. Many women with PCOS experience insulin resistance, meaning their bodies cannot use this hormone properly. As a result, insulin levels build up in the body, which can lead to higher androgen levels.
  • There is a hormonal balance disorder
    Hormonal imbalance can cause PCOS in women. Hormonal imbalances include increased levels of luteinising hormone, increased levels of sex hormone binding globulin, and increased levels of prolactin.

Also read: Get to know PCOS more closely in women

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome can cause health complications if not treated properly. What are the impacts of PCOS?

  • Infertility
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Sleep apnea
  • Depression and anxiety disorders
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Endometrial cancer

Can PCOS Be Cured?

Although there is no cure for PCOS completely, this condition can be managed well through lifestyle changes and medication. Some approaches that may help manage PCOS symptoms include:

  1. Lifestyle changes
    Lifestyle changes by maintaining a healthy weight , adopting a balanced diet, and exercising regularly can help manage PCOS symptoms.

  2. Drugs
    Use of certain medications, such as hormonal contraceptives to regulate the menstrual cycle. Other medications can also normalize the menstrual cycle and help ovulation. Of course, the use of these medicines must be consulted first with the treating doctor.

  3. Surgery
    Apart from that, PCOS management can be done through other medical procedures, namely surgery, where the operation is carried out by means of laparoscopic ovarian drilling . When other treatments do not provide good results, a doctor will usually perform this procedure. Minor surgery is also included in this type of surgery. The doctor will insert an instrument called a laparoscope into the patient's stomach by making a small incision at the bottom during general anesthesia. Next, the tissue in the ovaries that produces androgen hormones is removed surgically using heat or a laser. The aim of this procedure is to correct hormonal imbalances and return ovarian function to normal conditions.

PCOS can be managed well through lifestyle changes , medications, and other medical procedures. A holistic approach that includes both physical and mental health aspects can help women with PCOS live healthy and productive lives. Consult your doctor to design a management plan that suits your condition.

Article written by dr. Dian Burhansah, Sp.OG, M.Kes, FMAS, FICS (EMC Pekayon Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist).