Arrhythmia is a common type of heart disease. This heart disorder can attack men and women of all ages. Arrhythmia is a health disorder that occurs in the heart rhythm, which causes the sufferer's heartbeat to feel irregular, which can be faster or slower. Of these three things, the most fatal are heartbeats that are too fast and too low, because both can cause sudden death. This condition can occur because the electrical impulses which function to regulate the heartbeat to remain normal, do not work properly or experience disturbance. This condition makes the heart's work ineffective, which can change the structure of the heart and ultimately cause heart failure.
Sometimes many people don't realize that arrhythmia can be dangerous for themselves. This disorder is closely related to cardiovascular conditions, such as high blood pressure, heart failure, heart valve disease, and coronary artery disease. Heart rhythm disturbances can cause dangerous complications, such as stroke and heart failure.
Can arrhythmia heal by itself? Based on Yansen's statement, most cases of arrhythmia can be cured. This success can be achieved through medication or medical treatment as long as it can be detected early. There are special drugs, usually referred to as anti-arrhythmic drugs that are used for the treatment of various types of arrhythmias. But this disease is considered an unidentified threat, because in some cases, doctors cannot detect an irregular heartbeat during examination. As a result, cardiac arrhythmia conditions remain undiagnosed and untreated.
Symptoms of arrhythmia that can appear include:
- The heart beats faster than normal (tachycardia)
- The heart beats slower than normal (bradycardia) characterized by a very weak heart rate, namely less than 60 beats per minute
- Heart rate
- Get tired quickly
- Hard to breathe
- Chest pain
Steps that can be taken to prevent arrhythmias include:
- Avoid and reduce stress.
- Eating healthy food.
- Maintain ideal body weight.
- Don't take medicine carelessly without instructions from a doctor, especially cough and cold medicines that contain stimulants that trigger the heart to beat quickly.
- Limit consumption of alcoholic and caffeinated drinks.
- Do not smoke.
- Exercise regularly.
Article written by dr. Hardjo Prawira, Sp.PD-KKV (Internal Medicine Specialist, Cardiovascular Consultant, EMC Pulomas Hospital).